Understanding Autism

"Autism is not a disability, it's a different ability"
-Stuart Duncan


The number of children being diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder has grown at an alarming rate. Today 1 in 68 children are currently diagnosed with Autism.  Autism effects 1 out of 42 boys and 1 out of 189 girls. According to research scientists, Autism spectrum disorder has increased over 100%, and is the most common neurological disorder. Frith (2009). Although Autism is so common, there are still thousands who are either unaware or still unsure of what Autism spectrum disorder is. Many believe that Autism is caused by medical vaccinations, while doctors strongly disagree saying that vaccinations are safe, while many other have several possible beliefs of what causes Autism. This paper will explore what Autism Spectrum Disorder is, causes and treatment and facilities.

Autism is a set of heterogeneous neurodevelopmental conditions, characterized by early onset difficulties in social communication and usually restricted, repetitive behavior and interests, along with difficulties with interacting socially, and verbal and non-verbal communication. Many individuals with Autism excel in math and anything creative. Lai, Lombardo, Baron, Cohen. (2014) Autism effects more males than females, and the symptoms vary from person to person. No two people with Autism are alike, as it depends where they are on the spectrum.

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Autism Spectrum disorder is so common in today’s society, yet so complex and still somewhat misunderstood. Although there are no proven causes and still no cure, doctors and research scientists are working diligently to find out not only the causes so Autism Spectrum Disorder can be prevented, and pregnant woman know what to look for, but for a cure to help those effected. The several beneficial and helpful treatment programs are available to help anyone affected by Autism Spectrum disorder. Many of these programs are funded and provided by the government, and the government also provides resources such as funding, transportation, child care and teacher’s assistants to help those effected, and many others depending on the individual’s severity and living situation, and in some cases age for certain programs. From personal experience, living with my nephew and seeing him go through life daily with Autism, I too have speculated on causes, searched for treatments, and donated in hopes of a cause and cure and to help those effected. For Autism being the fast growing neurological disorder, awareness is the first step.