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Chronic Kidney Diseases

 

Introduction

Human body is operated by various organs working for different functions of body. It is believed that there around 79 organs in a human body. Each organ is made up of group of tissues. Kidney is of most important organ located below the ribs and behind belly area. These are pair of bean-shaped organs on the either side of spine. Each kidney is about 10-13cm in size. Kidneys’ filter blood and removes waste from the body. It keeps the electrolytes level right and controls the body’s fluid balance. Blood passes through kidneys’ several times a day.

 Kidney Function

Kidney is consisted of million filtering units that are called nephrons. Nephron has glomerulus filter that removes the waste from blood and adjusts the level of salt, water and minerals. Afterwards, filtered blood goes back into the body and the waste fluid (turned into urine) is drained down through a tube called ureter that leads to bladder Learn more about the importance of kidney at here.

 

Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a gradual impairment in kidney function. It can progress, overtime, to end stage renal disease, although with careful management and treatment of underlying causes, this can be slowed or even reversed. When kidney is damaged and cannot filter blood the way it should, it’s called chronic kidney disease. The disease is termed “chronic” because the damage to kidneys occurs slowly over a long period of time. In the case of CKD, wastes build up in body and remains in blood. CKD could cause other health problems. The common causes of CKD result in diffuse parenchymal disease, which causes a similar degree of shrinkage in both kidneys.

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